Atos and IQM have announced the findings from the first global IDC study on the status and future of quantum computing in high-performance computing (HPC). Commissioned by IQM and Atos, the study reveals that 76 per cent of HPC data centres worldwide plan to use quantum computing by 2023 and that 71 per cent plan to move to on-premises quantum computing by 2026.
110 key decision-makers from high-performance computing (HPC) centres worldwide were surveyed. One of the key findings from the study is that it is becoming increasingly difficult for users to get the optimal performance out of high-performance computing while ensuring both security and resilience.
Quantum computing is the number one technology in Europe and among the top three technologies of the top 500 HPC data centres worldwide. 76 per cent of HPC centres are already using quantum computing or plan to use them in the next two years. The expected benefits of the introduction of quantum computers for HPC data centres include tackling new problems such as supply chain logistics or challenges related to climate change (45%) and solving existing problems faster (38%), while at the same time reducing computing costs (42%).
Cloud is a key part of this HPC architecture, mixing standard elements with custom-developed infrastructure components. Based on the survey responses, hybrid and cloud deployments are especially important in the EMEA region. 50 per cent state that a hybrid HPC architecture is a top priority. Yet, there is a lack of knowledge about how quantum computing will work alongside a classical HPC infrastructure. Therefore, outsourcing operations and maintenance with partners will continue with the increase in quantum computing.
Developing and testing real-world use cases is critical to the future success of quantum computing. The four most important use cases for quantum computing are currently linked to the analysis of data and solving industry-specific use cases. The top use cases identified by the HPC centres interviewed are:
Jan Goetz, CEO and Co-Founder of IQM Quantum Computers said, “we work with some of the leading HPC centres in the world, and we planned this study to provide the quantum industry with a thorough understanding of the state of quantum at HPC centres globally. The strong investments for on-premises quantum computers, focus on skills gap and sustainability are very important findings from this study, and it will help IQM, Atos and our ecosystem partners in creating new products and offerings.”
Udo Littke, Head of Atos Central Europe added, "there has never been such a comprehensive study of the opportunities of the quantum technologies for the supercomputing market. Therefore, we conducted this analysis together with IDC and IQM to learn more about the supercomputing market in EMEA and the world. The results show that quantum computing is more important in Europe than in the rest of the world. Europe has a unique ecosystem for quantum computing, which is now showing strong growth. Especially now, it is important to work with strong partners who have already executed various projects and use cases and bring the relevant know-how."